GRAMMAR C1 C2 - ADVANCED 0/12
I wish / if only / it’s time / would rather
- WISH + SIMPLE PAST
It is used when the speaker wants reality to be different.
I wish I lived here .
I wish I went to London next summer.
- WISH + WOULD
It is used to refer to general wishes for the future about others.
I wish the weather would change.
I wish my brother would come.
- WISH + PAST PERFECT
It is used to express regret about past actions.
I wish I had studied harder to pass the exam.
He wishes he had learnt French to go to France.
- IF ONLY
It is used with the same verbs as wish but we express stronger feelings.
If only I could visit my mother.
If only I had never left my house! If only he would call!
- IT´S TIME+ S. PAST
It is used to talk about present/past but to express that the action should have been done before.
It´s time you went to bed, you have an exam tomorrow.
It´s time we went to the train station, it´s very late!
- WOULD RATHER + S. PAST
It´s used to express preferences for the pres/future.
I´d rather you didn´t leave London.
I´d rather she didn´t drive tonight.
- WOULD RATHER + PAST PERFECT
It is used to say what we wanted to happen in the past.
I´d rather you hadn´t left home, I miss you.
They´d rather you had studied.
- WOULD RATHER + VERB
It is used to express our own preferences about ourselves.
I´d rather go to the cinema.
She´d rather eat a burger.